Volume 572, December 2014
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||25 November 2014|
The Gaia-ESO Survey: the chemical structure of the Galactic discs from the first internal data release ⋆,⋆⋆
Laboratoire Lagrange (UMR7293), Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS,
Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur,
Nice Cedex 04,
2 Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy, Vilnius University, A. Goštauto 12, 01108 Vilnius, Lithuania
3 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
4 INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Florence, Italy
5 Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Box 43, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
6 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
7 INAF–Padova Observatory, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
8 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Apdo. 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
9 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
10 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
11 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Sezione Astrofisica, Universitâ di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
12 ASI Science Data Center, via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy
13 Department for Astrophysics, Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, ul. Rabiańska 8, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
14 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
15 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107 Vitacura, Santiago de Chile, Chile
16 ZAH–Landessternwarte Heidelberg, Känigstuhl 12, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
17 Centro de Astrofísica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
18 Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
Received: 29 April 2014
Accepted: 12 August 2014
Aims. Until recently, most high-resolution spectroscopic studies of the Galactic thin and thick discs were mostly confined to objects in the solar vicinity. Here we aim at enlarging the volume in which individual chemical abundances are used to characterise the thin and thick discs, using the first internal data release of the Gaia-ESO survey (GES iDR1).
Methods. We used the spectra of around 2000 FGK dwarfs and giants from the GES iDR1, obtained at resolutions of up to R ~ 20 000 with the FLAMES/GIRAFFE spectrograph. We derive and discuss the abundances of eight elements (Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, Fe, Cr, Ni, and Y).
Results. We show that the trends of these elemental abundances with iron are very similar to those in the solar neighbourhood. We find a natural division between α-rich and α-poor stars, best seen in the bimodality of the [Mg/M] distributions in bins of metallicity, which we attribute to thick- and thin-disc sequences, respectively. This separation is visible for most α-elements and for aluminium. With the possible exception of Al, the observed dispersion around the trends is well described by the expected errors, leaving little room for astrophysical dispersion. Using previously derived distances from the first paper from this series for our sample, we further find that the thick-disc is more extended vertically and is more centrally concentrated towards the inner Galaxy than the thin-disc, which indicates a shorter scale-length. We derive the radial (4 to 12 kpc) and vertical (0 to 3.5 kpc) gradients in metallicity, iron, four α-element abundances, and aluminium for the two populations, taking into account the identified correlation between RGC and | Z |. Similarly to other works, a radial metallicity gradient is found in the thin disc. The positive radial individual [α/M] gradients found are at variance from the gradients observed in the RAVE survey. The thin disc also hosts a negative vertical metallicity gradient in the solar cylinder, accompanied by positive individual [α/M] and [Al/M] gradients. The thick-disc, on the other hand, presents no radial metallicity gradient, a shallower vertical metallicity gradient than the thin-disc, an α-elements-to-iron radial gradient in the opposite sense than that of the thin disc, and positive vertical individual [α/M] and [Al/M] gradients. We examine several thick-disc formation scenarii in the light of these radial and vertical trends.
Key words: Galaxy: disk / Galaxy: stellar content / techniques: spectroscopic
Full Table 2 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/572/A33
© ESO, 2014
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