Volume 572, December 2014
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||19 November 2014|
Theoretical power spectra of mixed modes in low-mass red giant stars⋆
Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de
Allée du 6 Août 17,
2 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS UMR 8109, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place J. Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
Received: 17 March 2014
Accepted: 17 September 2014
Context. CoRoT and Kepler observations of red giant stars revealed very rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations. Of particular interest was the detection of mixed modes that exhibit significant amplitude, both in the core and at the surface of the stars. It opens the possibility of probing the internal structure from their innermost layers up to their surface throughout their evolution on the red giant branch, as well as on the red clump.
Aims. Our objective is primarily to provide physical insight into the mechanism responsible for mixed-mode amplitudes and lifetimes. Subsequently, we aim at understanding the evolution and structure of red-giant spectra along with their evolution. The study of energetic aspects of these oscillations is also important for predicting the mode parameters in the power spectrum.
Methods. Non-adiabatic computations, including a time-dependent treatment of convection, are performed and provide the lifetimes of radial and non-radial mixed modes. We then combine these mode lifetimes and inertias with a stochastic excitation model that gives us their heights in the power spectra.
Results. For stars representative of CoRoT and Kepler observations, we show under which circumstances mixed modes have heights comparable to radial ones. We stress the importance of the radiative damping in determining the height of mixed modes. Finally, we derive an estimate for the height ratio between a g-type and a p-type mode. This can thus be used as a first estimate of the detectability of mixed modes.
Key words: asteroseismology / stars: interiors
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014
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