Volume 570, October 2014
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Published online||31 October 2014|
The middle infrared properties of OH megamaser host galaxies⋆
Center For Astrophysics, GuangZhou University,
2 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, 200030 Shanghai, PR China
3 University of Sciences and Technology of China, Chinese Academy of Science, 230026 Hefei, PR China
4 Hunan Institute of Humanities, Science and Technology, 417000 Loudi, PR China
Received: 2 February 2014
Accepted: 21 August 2014
We compiled all 119 OH maser galaxies (110 out of them are megamasers, i.e., LOH> 10 L⊙) published so far and cross-identified these OH masers with the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) catalog, to investigate the middle infrared (MIR) properties of OH maser galaxies. The WISE magnitude data at the 3.4, 4.6, 12 and 22 μm (W1 to W4) are collected for the OH maser sample and one control sample, which are non-detection sources. The color-color diagrams show that both OH megamaser (OHM) and non-OHM (ultra)luminous infrared galaxies ((U)LIRGs) are far away from the single blackbody model line and many of them can follow the path described by the power-law model. The active galaxy nuclei (AGN) fraction is about ~40% for both OHM and non-OHM (U)LIRGs, according to the AGN criteria W1 − W2 ≥ 0.8. Among the Arecibo survey sample, OHM sources tend to have a lower luminosity at short MIR wavelengths (e.g., 3.4 μm and 4.6 μm) than that of non-OHM sources, which should come from the low OHM fraction among the survey sample with large 3.4 μm and 4.6 μm luminosity. The OHM fraction tends to increase with cooler MIR colors (larger F22 μm/F3.4 μm). These may be good for sample selection when searching OH megamasers, such as excluding extreme luminous sources at short MIR wavelengths, choosing sources with cooler MIR colors. In the case of the power-law model, we derived the spectral indices for our samples. For the Arecibo survey sample, OHM (U)LIRGs tend to have larger spectral index α22−12 than non-OHM sources, which agrees with previous results. One significant correlation exists between the WISE infrared luminosity at 22μm and the color [W1]–[W4] for the Arecibo OHM hosts. These clues should provide suitable constraints on the sample selection for OH megamaser surveys by future advanced telescopes (e.g., FAST). In addition, the correlation of maser luminosity and the MIR luminosity of maser hosts tends to be non-significant, which may indirectly support the pumping of OHM emission that is dominated by the far infrared radiation, instead of the MIR radiation.
Key words: masers / galaxies: active / galaxies: nuclei / infrared: galaxies
Tables 4−7 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014
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