Volume 561, January 2014
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||27 January 2014|
1 Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100012 Beijing, PR China
2 China Three Gorges University, 443002 Yichang, PR China
3 National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100012 Beijing, PR China
4 Center of High Energy Physics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing, PR China
Received: 27 July 2013
Accepted: 20 November 2013
Aims. We used 12 530 photometrically-selected blue horizontal branch (BHB) stars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) to estimate the total extinction of the Milky Way at the high Galactic latitudes, RV and AV in each line of sight.
Methods. A Bayesian method was developed to estimate the reddening values in the given lines of sight. Based on the most likely values of reddening in multiple colors, we were able to derive the values of RV and AV.
Results. We selected 94 zero-reddened BHB stars from seven globular clusters as the template. The reddening in the four SDSS colors for the northern Galactic cap were estimated by comparing the field BHB stars with the template stars. The accuracy of this estimation is around 0.01 mag for most lines of sight. We also obtained ⟨ RV ⟩ to be around 2.40 ± 1.05 and AV map within an uncertainty of 0.1 mag. The results, including reddening values in the four SDSS colors, AV, and RV in each line of sight, are released on line. In this work, we employ an up-to-date parallel technique on GPU card to overcome time-consuming computations. We plan to release online the C++ CUDA code used for this analysis.
Conclusions. The extinction map derived from BHB stars is highly consistent with that from Schlegel et al. (1998, ApJ, 500, 525). The derived RV is around 2.40 ± 1.05. The contamination probably makes the RV be larger.
Key words: dust, extinction / stars: horizontal-branch / Galaxy: stellar content / methods: statistical
Tables 1–4 (excerpt) are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
Full Table 4 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/561/A142
© ESO, 2014
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