Molecular gas associated with IRAS 10361-5830⋆
Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomía,
CONICET, CCT La Plata, C.C.5,
2 Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de la Plata, Paseo del Bosque s/n, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
3 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D Santiago, Chile
Received: 3 January 2014
Accepted: 30 June 2014
Aims. We analyze the distribution of the molecular gas and dust in the molecular clump linked to IRAS 10361-5830, located in the environs of the bubble-shaped Hii region Gum 31 in the Carina region, with the aim of determining the main parameters of the associated material and of investigating the evolutionary state of the young stellar objects identified there.
Methods. Using the APEX telescope, we mapped the molecular emission in the J = 3−2 transition of three CO isotopologues, 12CO, 13CO and C18O, over a 1.́5 × 1.́5 region around the IRAS position. We also observed the high-density tracers CS and HCO+ toward the source. The cold- dust distribution was analyzed using submillimeter continuum data at 870 μm obtained with the APEX telescope. Complementary IR and radio data at different wavelengths were used to complete the study of the interstellar medium.
Results. The molecular gas distribution reveals a cavity and a shell-like structure of ~0.32 pc in radius centered at the position of the IRAS source, with some young stellar objects projected onto the cavity. The total molecular mass in the shell and the mean H2volume density are ~40 M⊙ and ~(1−2) × 103 cm-3. The cold-dust counterpart of the molecular shell has been detected in the far-IR at 870 μm and in Herschel data at 350 μm. Weak extended emission at 24 μm from warm dust is projected onto the cavity, as well as weak radio continuum emission.
Conclusions. A comparison of the distribution of cold and warm dust, and molecular and ionized gas allows us to conclude that a compact Hii region has developed in the molecular clump, indicating that this is an area of recent massive star formation. Probable exciting sources capable of creating the compact Hii region are investigated. The 2MASS source 10380461-5846233 (MSX G286.3773-00.2563) seems to be responsible for the formation of the Hii region.
Key words: ISM: molecules / stars: protostars / HII regions / ISM: individual objects: IRAS 10361-5830
FITS files with datacubes corresponding to 12CO, 13CO, C180 maps are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/570/A109
© ESO, 2014