Volume 569, September 2014
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||01 October 2014|
Magnetic activity, differential rotation, and dynamo action in the pulsating F9IV star KIC 5955122
INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia, 78,
2 Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
3 Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
4 Department of Geoscience, Aarhus University, Høegh-Guldbergs Gade 2, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
5 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
Accepted: 5 August 2014
We present photometric spot modeling of the nearly four-year long light-curve of the Kepler target KIC 5955122 in terms of persisting dark circular surface features. With a Bayesian technique, we produced a plausible surface map that shows dozens of small spots. After some artifacts are removed, the residuals are at ± 0.16 mmag. The shortest rotational period found is P = 16.4 ± 0.2 days. The equator-to-pole extrapolated differential rotation is 0.25 ± 0.02 rad/d. The spots are roughly half as bright as the unperturbed stellar photosphere. Spot latitudes are restricted to the zone ±60° latitude. There is no indication for any near-pole spots. In addition, the p-mode pulsations enabled us to determine the evolutionary status of the star, the extension of the convective zone, and its radius and mass. We discuss the possibility that the clear signature of active regions in the light curve of the F9IV star KIC 5955122 is produced by a flux-transport dynamo action at the base of the convection zone. In particular, we argue that this star has evolved from an active to a quiet status during the Q0–Q16 period of observation, and we predict, according to our dynamo model, that the characteristic activity cycle is of the order of the solar one.
Key words: starspots / stars: rotation / stars: magnetic field / magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / stars: individual: KIC 5955122 / stars: activity
© ESO, 2014
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