HD 152246: a new high-mass triple system and its basic properties⋆
1 Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr–Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
2 Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Católica del Norte, Avenida Angamos 0610, Casilla 1280 Antofagasta, Chile
3 Astronomical Institute of the Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic
4 Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, 07778 Tautenburg, Germany
5 ESA/Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin drive, MD 21218, Baltimore, USA
6 Institut d’Astrophysique et de Planétologie de Grenoble, CNRS-UJF UMR 5571, 414 rue de la Piscine, 38400 St-Martin-d’Hères, France
Received: 12 June 2014
Accepted: 25 July 2014
Analyses of multi-epoch, high-resolution (R ~ 50 000) optical spectra of the O-type star HD 152246 (O9 IV according to the most recent classification), complemented by a limited number of earlier published radial velocities, led to the finding that the object is a hierarchical triple system, where a close inner pair (Ba–Bb) with a slightly eccentric orbit (e = 0.11) and a period of 60049 revolves in a 470-day highly eccentric orbit (e = 0.865) with another massive and brighter component A. The mass ratio of the inner system must be low since we were unable to find any traces of the secondary spectrum. The mass ratio A/(Ba+Bb) is 0.89. The outer system has recently been resolved using long-baseline interferometry on three occasions. The interferometry confirms the spectroscopic results and specifies elements of the system. Our orbital solutions, including the combined radial-velocity and interferometric solution indicate an orbital inclination of the outer orbit of 112° and stellar masses of 20.4 and 22.8 M⊙. We also disentangled the spectra of components A and Ba and compare them to synthetic spectra from two independent programmes, TLUSTY and FASTWIND. In either case, the fit was not satisfactory and we postpone a better determination of the system properties for a future study, after obtaining observations during the periastron passage of the outer orbit (the nearest chance being March 2015). For the moment, we can only conclude that component A is an O9 IV star with v sin i = 210 ± 10 km s-1and effective temperature of 33 000 ± 500 K, while component Ba is an O9 V object with v sin i = 65 ± 3 km s-1and Teff = 33 600 ± 600 K.
Key words: binaries: spectroscopic / stars: massive / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: individual: HD 152246
Based on data products from observations made with ESO telescopes at La Silla Paranal Observatory under programmes 68.D-0095(A), 71.D-0369(A), 073.D-0609(A), 075.D-0061(A), 076.D0294(A), 077.D-0146(A), 079.D-0718(A), 081.D-2008(B), 083.D-0589(B), 086.D-0997(B), 087.D-0946(A), and 089.D-0975(A), extracted from the ESO/ST-ECF Science Archive Facility, and on the BESO spectra.
© ESO, 2014