Volume 568, August 2014
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||27 August 2014|
Galaxy clusters in presence of dark energy: a kinetic approach
1 Department of Physics, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185, Rome Italy
2 Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
3 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
4 Department of Physics, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
Received: 24 April 2014
Accepted: 9 July 2014
Context. The external regions of galaxy clusters may be under strong influence of the dark energy, which was discovered by observations of supernovae Ia at redshift z< 1. The presence of the dark energy in the gravitational equilibrium equation, with the Einstein Λ term, balances the gravity, and extends the equilibrium configuration more in radius.
Aims. We investigate the features of the equilibrium configurations to analyse how the presence of the dark energy affects the density profiles and radial extension by specifying the conditions for which the gravitational equilibrium begins.
Methods. We derived the kinetic equation for an equilibrium configuration in presence of dark energy and solved the gravitational equilibrium equation by considering a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function with a cut-off in the framework of the Newtonian regime, because the observed velocities of galaxies inside a cluster are much lower than the velocity of light.
Results. The prevalence of dark energy effects on the gravity shows a wide region in the W0–ρΛ diagram where equilibrium solutions are not possible. In these particular conditions, the galaxies located in the external regions of a cluster can flow out, following the accelerating expansion of the Universe.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / dark energy / hydrodynamics
© ESO, 2014
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