The hot core towards the intermediate-mass protostar NGC 7129 FIRS 2
Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (OAN IGN), ,
Alcalá de Henares,
2 Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM) C/ Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz 3, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
3 Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Postfach 1312, 85741 Garching, Germany
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
5 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, V8P 1A1, Canada
6 National Research Council of Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC, V9E 2E7, Canada
7 Joint Astronomy Centre, 660 North A’ohoku Place, University Park, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
8 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
9 Centro de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, PO Box 3-72, 58090 Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico
10 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Accepted: 17 May 2014
Context. This paper is dedicated to the study of the chemistry of the intermediate-mass (IM) hot core NGC 7129 FIRS 2, probably the most compact warm core found in the 2−8 M⊙ stellar mass range.
Aims. Our aim is to determine the chemical composition of the IM hot core NGC 7129 FIRS 2, and to provide new insights on the chemistry of hot cores in a more general context.
Methods. NGC 7129 FIRS 2 (hereafter, FIRS 2) is located at a distance of 1250 pc and high spatial resolution observations are required to resolve the hot core at its center. We present a molecular survey from 218 200 MHz to 221 800 MHz carried out with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer (PdBI). These observations were complemented with a long integration single-dish spectrum taken with the IRAM 30 m telescope in Pico de Veleta (Spain). We used a local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) single temperature code to model the whole dataset.
Results. The interferometric spectrum is crowded with a total of ≈300 lines from which a few dozen remain unidentified. The spectrum has been modeled with a total of 20 species and their isomers, isotopologues, and deuterated compounds. Complex molecules like methyl formate (CH3OCHO), ethanol (CH3CH2OH), glycolaldehyde (CH2OHCHO), acetone (CH3COCH3), dimethyl ether (CH3OCH3), ethyl cyanide (CH3CH2CN), and the aGg’ conformer of ethylene glycol (aGg’-(CH2OH)2) are among the detected species. The detection of vibrationally excited lines of CH3CN, CH3OCHO, CH3OH, OCS, HC3N, and CH3CHO proves the existence of gas and dust at high temperatures. The gas kinetic temperature estimated from the vibrational lines of CH3CN, ~405-67+100 K, is similar to that measured in massive hot cores. Our data allow an extensive comparison of the chemistry in FIRS 2 and the Orion hot core.
Conclusions. We find a quite similar chemistry in FIRS 2 and Orion. Most of the studied fractional molecular abundances agree within a factor of 5. Larger differences are only found for the deuterated compounds D2CO and CH2DOH and a few molecules (CH3CH2CN, SO2, HNCO and CH3CHO). Since the physical conditions are similar in both hot cores, only different initial conditions (warmer pre-collapse and collapse phase in the case of Orion) and/or different crossing times of the gas in the hot core can explain this behavior. We discuss these two scenarios.
Key words: astrochemistry / stars: formation / ISM: individual objects: NGC 7129 FIRS 2
Based on observations carried out with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany), and IGN (Spain).
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
The interferometrid spectra of Fig. A.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/568/A65
© ESO, 2014