Volume 567, July 2014
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||08 July 2014|
IP Eridani: A surprising long-period binary system hosting a He white dwarf⋆,⋆⋆
Institut d’Astronomie et d’Astrophysique, Université Libre de
CP 226, boulevard du Triomphe,
2 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3200 Heverlee, Belgium
Received: 13 March 2014
Accepted: 15 May 2014
We determine the orbital elements for the K0 IV + white dwarf (WD) system IP Eri, which appears to have a surprisingly long period of 1071 d and a significant eccentricity of 0.25. Previous spectroscopic analyses of the WD, based on a distance of 101 pc inferred from its Hipparcos parallax, yielded a mass of only 0.43 M⊙, implying it to be a helium-core WD. The orbital properties of IP Eri are similar to those of the newly discovered long-period subdwarf B star (sdB) binaries, which involve stars with He-burning cores surrounded by extremely thin H envelopes, and are therefore close relatives to He WDs. We performed a spectroscopic analysis of high-resolution spectra from the HERMES/Mercator spectrograph and concluded that the atmospheric parameters of the K0 component are Teff = 4960 K, log g = 3.3, [Fe/H] = 0.09 and ξ = 1.5 km s-1. The detailed abundance analysis focuses on C, N, O abundances, carbon isotopic ratio, light (Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti) and s-process (Sr, Y, Zr, Ba, La, Ce, Nd) elements. We conclude that IP Eri abundances agree with those of normal field stars of the same metallicity. The long period and non-null eccentricity indicate that this system cannot be the end product of a common-envelope phase; it calls instead for another less catastrophic binary-evolution channel presented in detail in a companion paper.
Key words: stars: abundances / binaries: spectroscopic / stars: evolution / stars: individual: IP Eridani / subdwarfs / white dwarfs
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
HERMES spectra are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/567/A30
© ESO, 2014
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