Volume 566, June 2014
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||26 June 2014|
Ion-molecule reactions involving HCO+ and N2H+: Isotopologue equilibria from new theoretical calculations and consequences for interstellar isotope fractionation
Université Paris-Est, Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi Echelle,
MSME, UMR 8208 CNRS, 5 Bd
Marne la Vallée,
2 LERMA and UMR 8112 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, Place J. Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
Accepted: 14 April 2014
Aims. We revisit with new augmented accuracy the theoretical dynamics of basic isotope exchange reactions involved in the 12C/13C, 16O/18O, and 14N/15N balance because these reactions have already been studied experimentally in great detail.
Methods. Electronic structure methods were employed to explore potential energy surfaces, full-dimensional rovibrational calculations to compute rovibrational energy levels that are numerically exact, and chemical network models to estimate the abundance ratios under interstellar conditions.
Results. New exothermicities, derived for HCO+ reacting with CO, provide rate coefficients markedly different from previous theoretical values in particular at low temperatures, resulting in new abundance ratios relevant for carbon chemistry networks. In concrete terms, we obtain a reduction in the abundance of H12C18O+ and an increase in the abundance of H13C16O+ and D13C16O+. In all studied cases, the reaction of the ion with a neutral polarizable molecule proceeds through the intermediate proton-bound complex found to be very stable. For the complexes OCH+··· CO, OCH+··· OC, COHOC+, N2··· HCO+, N2H+··· OC, and N2HN2+, we also calculated vibrational frequencies and dissociation energies.
Conclusions. The linear proton-bound complexes possess sizeable dipole moments, which may facilitate their detection.
Key words: ISM: abundances / ISM: general / ISM: molecules
© ESO, 2014
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