Volume 566, June 2014
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||23 June 2014|
Constraints on the height of the inner disk rim in pre-main-sequence stars⋆
1 Physics Department, University of Split, Nikole Tesle 12, 21000 Split, Croatia
2 Science and Society Synergy Institute, Bana J. Jelačića 22B, 40000 Čakovec, Croatia
Received: 3 June 2013
Accepted: 24 April 2014
The structure of inner region of protoplanetary disks around young pre-main-sequence stars is still poorly understood. This part of the disk is shaped by various forces that influence dust and gas dynamics, and by dust sublimation, which creates abrupt drops in the dust density. This region also emits strong near-infrared excess that cannot be explained by classical accretion disk models, which suggests the existence of some unusual dust distribution or disk shape. The most prevalent explanation to date is the puffed-up inner disk rim model, where the disk exhibits an optically thin cavity around the star up to the distance of dust sublimation. The critical parameter in this model is the inner disk rim height zmax relative to the rim distance from the star Rin. Observations often require zmax/Rin ≳ 0.2 to reproduce the near-infrared excess in the spectra. We compile a comprehensive list of processes that can shape the inner disk rim and combine them into a self-consistent model. Two of them, radiation pressure force and the gas velocity profile, have never been applied in this context before. The aim was to find the most plausible theoretical values of zmax/Rin. The results show that this value is ≲0.13 for Herbig Ae stars, ≲0.11 for T Tau stars, and ≲0.10 for young brown dwarfs. This is lower than the observational requirements for Herbig Ae stars. We argue that the same problem exists in T Tau stars as well. We conclude that the puffed-up inner rim model cannot be the sole explanation for the near-infrared excess in young pre-main-sequence stars.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / stars: pre-main sequence / protoplanetary disks / infrared: stars
Appendix is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014
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