Volume 565, May 2014
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||05 May 2014|
Near-infrared detection and characterization of the exoplanet HD 95086 b with the Gemini Planet Imager⋆
1 LESIA, CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Univ. Paris Diderot, UPMC, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
2 UJF-Grenoble 1/CNRS-INSU, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG) UMR 5274, 38041 Grenoble, France
3 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Univ. of Toronto, 50 St. George St., Toronto M5S 1A1, Canada
4 National Research Council of Canada Herzberg, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria V9E 2E7, Canada
Received: 18 March 2014
Accepted: 15 April 2014
HD 95086 is an intermediate-mass debris-disk-bearing star. VLT/NaCo 3.8 μm observations revealed it hosts a 5 ± 2 MJup companion (HD 95086 b) at ≃56 AU. Follow-up observations at 1.66 and 2.18 μm yielded a null detection, suggesting extremely red colors for the planet and the need for deeper direct-imaging data. In this Letter, we report H-(1.7 μm) and K1-(2.05 μm) band detections of HD 95086 b from Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) commissioning observations taken by the GPI team. The planet position in both spectral channels is consistent with the NaCo measurements and we confirm it to be comoving. Our photometry yields colors of H − L′ = 3.6 ± 1.0 mag and K1 − L′ = 2.4 ± 0.7 mag, consistent with previously reported 5-σ upper limits in H and Ks. The photometry of HD 95086 b best matches that of 2M 1207 b and HR 8799 cde. Comparing its spectral energy distribution with the BT-SETTL and LESIA planet atmospheric models yields Teff ~ 600–1500 K and log g ~ 2.1–4.5. Hot-start evolutionary models yield M = 5 ± 2 MJup. Warm-start models reproduce the combined absolute fluxes of the object for M = 4–14 MJup for a wide range of plausible initial conditions (Sinit = 8–13 kB/baryon). The color−magnitude diagram location of HD 95086 b and its estimated Teff and log g suggest that the planet is a peculiar L − T transition object with an enhanced amount of photospheric dust.
Key words: planets and satellites: atmospheres / planets and satellites: detection / stars: individual: HD 95086 / instrumentation: adaptive optics
© ESO, 2014
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