Volume 564, April 2014
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||28 March 2014|
Circumstellar effects on the Rb abundances in O-rich AGB stars⋆
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC),
La Laguna, Tenerife,
2 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), 38206, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Université Montpellier 2, CNRS, 34095 Montpellier, France
4 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), 28006 Madrid, Spain
Accepted: 10 March 2014
For the first time we explore the circumstellar effects on the Rb (and Zr) abundance determination in O-rich asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars by considering the presence of a gaseous circumstellar envelope with a radial wind. A modified version of the spectral synthesis code Turbospectrum was used to deal with extended atmosphere models and velocity fields. The Rb and Zr abundances were determined from the resonant 7800 Å Rb I line and the 6474 Å ZrO bandhead, respectively, in five representative O-rich AGB stars with different expansion velocities and metallicities. By using our new dynamical models, the Rb I line profile (photospheric and circumstellar components) is very well reproduced. Interestingly, the derived Rb abundances are much lower (by 1−2 dex) in those O-rich AGB stars showing the higher circumstellar expansion velocities. The Zr abundances, however, remain close to the solar values. The Rb abundances and [Rb/Zr] ratios derived here significantly resolve the problem of the present mismatch between the observations of intermediate-mass (4–8 M⊙) Rb-rich AGB stars and the AGB nucleosynthesis theoretical predictions.
Key words: stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: abundances / stars: evolution / nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances / stars: atmospheres / stars: late-type
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014
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