Volume 564, April 2014
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||14 April 2014|
Proper horizontal photospheric flows in a filament channel⋆
LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UMR 8109,
2 Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, 14 avenue Édouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
3 Department of Physics, DSB Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, 263002 Ultarakhand, India
Received: 16 October 2013
Accepted: 29 January 2014
Context. An extended filament in the central part of the active region NOAA 11106 crossed the central meridian on Sept. 17, 2010 in the southern hemisphere. It has been observed in Hα with the THEMIS telescope in the Canary Islands and in 304 Å with the EUV imager (AIA) onboard the Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO). Counterstreaming along the Hα threads and bright moving blobs (jets) along the 304 Å filament channel were observed during 10 h before the filament erupted at 17:03 UT.
Aims. The aim of the paper is to understand the coupling between magnetic field and convection in filament channels and relate the horizontal photospheric motions to the activity of the filament.
Methods. An analysis of the proper photospheric motions using SDO/HMI continuum images with the new version of the coherent structure tracking (CST) algorithm developed to track granules, as well as the large scale photospheric flows, was performed for three hours. Using corks, we derived the passive scalar points and produced a map of the cork distribution in the filament channel. Averaging the velocity vectors in the southern hemisphere in each latitude in steps of 3.5 arcsec, we defined a profile of the differential rotation.
Results. Supergranules are clearly identified in the filament channel. Diverging flows inside the supergranules are similar in and out of the filament channel. Converging flows corresponding to the accumulation of corks are identified well around the Hα filament feet and at the edges of the EUV filament channel. At these convergence points, the horizontal photospheric velocity may reach 1 km s-1, but with a mean velocity of 0.35 km s-1. In some locations, horizontal flows crossing the channel are detected, indicating eventually large scale vorticity.
Conclusions. The coupling between convection and magnetic field in the photosphere is relatively strong. The filament experienced the convection motions through its anchorage points with the photosphere, which are magnetized areas (ends, feet, lateral extensions of the EUV filament channel). From a large scale point-of-view, the differential rotation induced a shear of 0.1 km s-1 in the filament. From a small scale point-of-view, any convective motions favored the interaction of the parasitic polarities responsible for the anchorages of the filament to the photosphere with the surrounding network and may explain the activity of the filament.
Key words: Sun: filaments, prominences / Sun: photosphere / Sun: UV radiation / Sun: magnetic fields
Two movies are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014
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