No evidence for planetary influence on solar activity 330 000 years ago
1 Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement (LSCE), Ormes des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
2 Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière (CSNSM), UMR CNRS 8609, Université Paris Sud XI, Bât 108, 91405 Orsay, France
3 Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS-IRD-Collège de France, UM 34 CEREGE, Technopôle de l’Environnement Arbois-Méditerranée, BP80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France
Received: 21 October 2013
Accepted: 18 November 2013
Context. Abreu et al. (2012, A&A. 548, A88) have recently compared the periodicities in a 14C – 10Be proxy record of solar variability during the Holocene and found a strong similarity with the periodicities predicted on the basis of a model of the time-dependent torque exerted by the planets on the sun’s tachocline. If verified, this effect would represent a dramatic advance not only in the basic understanding of the Sun’s variable activity, but also in the potential influence of this variability on the Earth’s climate. Cameron and Schussler (2013, A&A. 557, A83) have seriously criticized the statistical treatment used by Abreu et al. to test the significance of the coincidences between the periodicities of their model with the Holocene proxy record.
Aims. If the Abreu et al. hypothesis is correct, it should be possible to find the same periodicities in the records of cosmogenic nuclides at earlier times.
Methods. We present here a high-resolution record of 10Be in the EPICA Dome C (EDC) ice core from Antarctica during the Marine Interglacial Stage 9.3 (MIS 9.3), 325–336 kyr ago, and investigate its spectral properties.
Results. We find very limited similarity with the periodicities seen in the proxy record of solar variability during the Holocene, or with that of the model of Abreu et al.
Conclusions. We find no support for the hypothesis of a planetary influence on solar activity, and raise the question of whether the centennial periodicities of solar activity observed during the Holocene are representative of solar activity variability in general.
Key words: Sun: activity / Sun: magnetic fields / sunspots / dynamo / solar-terrestrial relations / planet-star interactions
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