A swirling flare-related EUV jet⋆
Key Laboratory for Dark Matter and Space Science, Purple Mountain Observatory, CAS, 210008 Nanjing, PR China
Received: 5 September 2013
Accepted: 4 December 2013
Aims. We report our observations of a swirling flare-related extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) jet on 2011 October 15 at the edge of NOAA active region 11314.
Methods. We used the multiwavelength observations in the EUV passbands from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). We extracted a wide slit along the jet axis and 12 thin slits across its axis to investigate the longitudinal motion and transverse rotation. We also used data from the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imager (EUVI) aboard the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft to investigate the three-dimensional (3D) structure of the jet. Ground-based Hα images from the El Teide Observatory, a member of the Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG), provide a good opportunity to explore the relationship between the cool surge and the hot jet. Line-of-sight magnetograms from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) aboard SDO enable us to study the magnetic evolution of the flare/jet event. We carried out potential-field extrapolation to calculate the magnetic configuration associated with the jet.
Results. The onset of jet eruption coincided with the start time of the C1.6 flare impulsive phase. The initial velocity and acceleration of the longitudinal motion were 254 ± 10 km s-1 and −97 ± 5 m s-2, respectively. The jet presented helical structure and transverse swirling motion at the beginning of its eruption. The counter-clockwise rotation slowed down from an average velocity of ~122 km s-1 to ~80 km s-1. The interwinding thick threads of the jet untwisted into multiple thin threads during the rotation that lasted for one cycle with a period of ~7 min and an amplitude that increases from ~3.2 Mm at the bottom to ~11 Mm at the upper part. Afterwards, the curtain-like leading edge of the jet continued rising without rotation, leaving a dimming region behind, before falling back to the solar surface. The appearance/disappearance of dimming corresponded to the longitudinal ascending/descending motions of jet. Cospatial Hα surge and EUV dimming imply that the dimming resulted from the absorption of hot EUV emission by the cool surge. The flare/jet event was caused by continuous magnetic cancellation before the start of the flare. The jet was associated with the open magnetic fields at the edge of AR 11314.
Key words: Sun: corona / Sun: oscillations / Sun: flares
A movie attached to Fig. 1 is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014