Hamburger Sternwarte, University of Hamburg,
2 Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
3 Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Facultat de Ciències, Torre C5 parell, 2a pl, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
4 Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
5 Dept. d’Astronomia i Meteorologia, Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
6 Institut für Astrophysik der Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180, Wien, Austria
Accepted: 19 October 2013
Aims. To date, WASP-33 is the only δ Scuti star known to be orbited by a hot Jupiter. The pronounced stellar pulsations, showing periods comparable to the primary transit duration, interfere with the transit modeling. Therefore our main goal is to study the pulsation spectrum of the host star to redetermine the orbital parameters of the system by means of pulsation-cleaned primary transit light curves.
Methods. Between August 2010 and October 2012 we obtained 457 h of photometry of WASP-33 using small and middle-class telescopes located mostly in Spain and in Germany. Our observations comprise the wavelength range between the blue and the red, and provide full phase coverage of the planetary orbit. After a careful detrend, we focus our pulsation studies in the high frequency regime, where the pulsations that mostly deform the primary transit exist.
Results. The data allow us to identify, for the first time in the system, eight significant pulsation frequencies. The pulsations are likely associated with low-order p-modes. Furthermore, we find that pulsation phases evolve in time. We use our knowledge of the pulsations to clean the primary transit light curves and carry out an improved transit modeling. Surprisingly, taking into account the pulsations in the modeling has little influence on the derived orbital parameters. However, the uncertainties in the best-fit parameters decrease. Additionally, we find indications for a possible dependence between wavelength and transit depth, but only with marginal significance. A clear pulsation solution, in combination with an accurate orbital period, allows us to extend our studies and search for star-planet interactions (SPI). Although we find no conclusive evidence of SPI, we believe that the pulsation nature of the host star and the proximity between members make WASP-33 a promising system for further SPI studies.
Key words: asteroseismology / instrumentation: photometers / planet-star interactions / methods: observational / techniques: photometric / stars: variables:δScuti
Tables 1 and 10 and Fig. 8 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
Photometry is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/561/A48
© ESO, 2013