Volume 559, November 2013
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||14 November 2013|
A unified model for the spectrophotometric development of classical and recurrent novae
The role of asphericity of the ejecta
Dipartimento di Fisica ”Enrico Fermi”Università di Pisa,
2 INFN – Sezione Pisa, largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa, Italy
3 Astronomicky Ustav UK, V Holesovickach 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic
Received: 9 August 2013
Accepted: 22 September 2013
There is increasing evidence that the geometry, and not only the filling factors, of nova ejecta is important in any interpretation of their spectral and photometric developments. Ensembles of spectra and light curves have provided general typographies. This Letter suggests how these can be unified. The observed spread in the maximum magnitude-rate of decline (MMRD) relation is argued to result from the range of opening angles and inclination of the ejecta, and not only from their masses and velocities. The spectroscopic classes can be similarly explained and linked to the behavior of the light curves. The secondary maximum observed in some dust-forming novae is a natural consequence of the asphericity. Neither secondary ejections nor winds are needed to explain the phenomenology. The spectrophotometric development of classical novae can be understood within a single phenomenological model with bipolar, although not jet-like, mass ejecta. High resolution spectropolarimetry will be an essential analytical tool.
Key words: novae, cataclysmic variables / stars: winds, outflows / line: profiles / techniques: polarimetric
© ESO, 2013
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