Volume 557, September 2013
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||14 August 2013|
Fitting isochrones to open cluster photometric data
III. Estimating metallicities from UBV photometry⋆
1 UNIFEI, IFQ – Instituto de Física e Química, Universidade Federal de Itajubá, Itajubá MG, Brazil
2 Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas da Universidade de São Paulo, Cidade Universitária, CEP: 05508-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Received: 23 January 2013
Accepted: 20 June 2013
The metallicity is a critical parameter that affects the correct determination of fundamental characteristics of a stellar cluster and has important implications in Galactic and stellar evolution research. Fewer than 10% of the 2174 currently cataloged open clusters have their metallicity determined in the literature. In this work we present a method for estimating the metallicity of open clusters via non-subjective isochrone fitting using the cross-entropy global optimization algorithm applied to UBV photometric data. The free parameters distance, reddening, age, and metallicity simultaneously determined by the fitting method. The fitting procedure uses weights for the observational data based on the estimation of membership likelihood for each star, which considers the observational magnitude limit, the density profile of stars as a function of radius from the center of the cluster, and the density of stars in multi-dimensional magnitude space. We present results of [Fe/H] for nine well-studied open clusters based on 15 distinct UBV data sets. The [Fe/H] values obtained in the ten cases for which spectroscopic determinations were available in the literature agree, indicating that our method provides a good alternative to determining [Fe/H] by using an objective isochrone fitting. Our results show that the typical precision is about 0.1 dex.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general
Appendix is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2013
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