Volume 556, August 2013
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||08 August 2013|
LkHα 101 at millimeter wavelengths
Instituto de Radio Astronomía Milimétrica,
Avenida Divina Pastora 7, Núcleo
2 Institut de Radio Astronomie Millimétrique,300 rue de la Piscine, Dom. Univ. de Grenoble, 38406 Saint Martin d’Hères, France
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; krips]@iram.fr
3 Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC/INTA) Ctra de Torrejón a Ajalvir, km 4, 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
Received: 6 March 2013
Accepted: 15 May 2013
We present new millimeter observations made with the IRAM interferometer and 30 m telescope of the ionized wind from the massive young stellar object LkHα 101. Several recombination lines, including higher order transitions, were detected for the first time at radio wavelengths in this source. From three α-transitions, we derive an accurate value for the stellar velocity and for the first time, an unambiguous expansion velocity of the wind that is 55 km s-1. This velocity is much slower than reported previously, and the resulting mass loss rate is 1.8 × 10-6 M⊙ yr-1. The wideband continuum spectra and the interferometer visibilities show that the density of the wind falls off more steeply than what is compatible with constant-velocity expansion. We argue that these properties indicate that the wind is launched from a radially narrow region of the circumstellar disk, and we propose that slow speed and a steep density gradient are characteristic properties of the evolutionary phase, where young stars of intermediate and high mass clear away the gaseous component of their accretion disks. The recombination lines are emitted close to local thermal equilibrium, but the higher order transitions appear systematically broader and weaker than expected, probably because of impact broadening. Finally, we show that LkHα 101 shares many properties with MWC 349, the only other stellar wind source where radio recombination lines have been detected, with some of them masing. We argue that LkHα 101 evades masing at millimeter wavelengths because of the disk’s smaller size and unfavorable orientation. Some amplification may however be detectable at shorter wavelengths.
Key words: radio lines: stars / stars: winds, outflows / radio continuum: stars / X-rays: diffuse background
© ESO, 2013
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