Volume 556, August 2013
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||08 August 2013|
Direct model fitting to combine dithered ACS images
Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn Auf dem Hügel
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
Accepted: 10 July 2013
The information lost in images of undersampled CCD cameras can be recovered with the technique of “dithering”. A number of subexposures is taken with sub-pixel shifts in order to record structures on scales smaller than a pixel. The standard method to combine such exposures, “Drizzle”, averages after reversing the displacements, including rotations and distortions. More sophisticated methods are available to produce, e.g., Nyquist sampled representations of band-limited inputs. While the combined images produced by these methods can be of high quality, their use as input for forward-modelling techniques in gravitational lensing is still not optimal, because the residual artefacts still affect the modelling results in unpredictable ways. In this paper we argue for an overall modelling approach that takes into account the dithering and the lensing without the intermediate product of a combined image. As one building block we introduce an alternative approach to combine dithered images by direct model fitting with a least-squares approach including a regularization constraint. We present tests with simulated and real data that show the quality of the results. The additional effects of gravitational lensing and the convolution with an instrumental point spread function can be included in a natural way, avoiding the possible systematic errors of previous procedures.
Key words: methods: data analysis / techniques: image processing / gravitational lensing: strong
© ESO, 2013
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