Volume 555, July 2013
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||12 July 2013|
Revisiting the hot matter in the center of gamma-ray bursts and supernovae
Department of Astronomy and Institute of Theoretical Physics and
Astrophysics, Xiamen University,
2 State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100190 Beijing, PR China
Accepted: 11 May 2013
Aims. Hot matter with nucleons can be produced in the inner region of the neutrino-dominated accretion flow in gamma-ray bursts or during the proto-neutron star birth in successful supernovae. The composition and equation of state of the matter depend on the dynamic β equilibrium under various neutrino opacities. The strong interaction between nucleons may also play an important role. We plan to extend the previous studies by incorporating these two aspects in our model.
Methods. The modification of the β-equilibrium condition from neutrino optically thin to thick was modeled by an equilibrium factor χ ranging between the neutrino-freely-escaping case and the neutrino-trapped case. We employed the microscopic Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach extended to the finite temperature regime to study the interacting nucleons.
Results. We show the composition and chemical potentials of the hot nuclear matter for different densities and temperatures at each stage of β equilibrium. We also compare our realistic equation of states with those of the free-gas model. We find that it is important to properly describe the neutrino opacity and the strong interaction between nucleons, and they should be taken into account in model calculations.
Key words: equation of state / gamma-ray burst: general / neutrinos / nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances / dense matter / supernovae: general
© ESO, 2013
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