Volume 555, July 2013
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||09 July 2013|
Fast-evolving weather for the coolest of our two new substellar neighbours
1 Institut d’Astrophysique et Géophysique, Université de Liège, allée du 6 Août 17, 4000 Liège, Belgium
2 Department of Physics, and Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
3 Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
Received: 1 April 2013
Accepted: 13 June 2013
We present the results of intense photometric monitoring in the near-infrared (~0.9 μm) with the TRAPPIST robotic telescope of the newly discovered binary brown dwarf WISE J104915.57-531906.1, the third closest system to the Sun at a distance of only 2 pc. Our twelve nights of time-series photometry reveal a quasi-periodic (P = 4.87 ± 0.01h) variability with a maximum peak-peak amplitude of ~11% and strong night-to-night evolution. We attribute this variability to the rotational modulation of fast-evolving weather patterns in the atmosphere of the coolest component (~T1-type) of the binary. No periodic signal is detected for the hottest component (~L8-type). For both brown dwarfs, our data allow us to firmly discard any unique transit during our observations for planets ≥2 R⊕. For orbital periods smaller than ~9.5 h, transiting planets are excluded down to an Earth-size.
Key words: brown dwarfs / stars: individual: WISE-J104915.57-531906.1 / solar neighborhood / techniques: photometric
© ESO, 2013
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