Volume 553, May 2013
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||20 May 2013|
Joint reconstruction of galaxy clusters from gravitational lensing and thermal gas
I. Outline of a non-parametric method
Universität Heidelberg, Zentrum für Astronomie, Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik, Philosophenweg 12, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Received: 30 October 2012
Accepted: 5 April 2013
We present a method of estimating the lensing potential from massive galaxy clusters for given observational X-ray data. The concepts developed and applied in this work can be easily combined with other techniques to infer the lensing potential, e.g. weak gravitational lensing or galaxy kinematics, to obtain an overall best-fit model for the lensing potential. After elaborating on the physical details and assumptions the method is based on, we explain how the numerical algorithm itself is implemented with a Richardson-Lucy algorithm as a central part. Our reconstruction method is tested on simulated galaxy clusters with a spherically symmetric NFW density profile filled with gas in hydrostatic equilibrium. We describe in detail how these simulated observational data sets are created and how they need to be fed into our algorithm. We tested the robustness of the algorithm against small parameter changes and estimate the quality of the reconstructed lensing potentials. As it turns out, we achieve a very high degree of accuracy in reconstructing the lensing potential. The statistical errors remain below 2.0%, whereas the systematical error does not exceed 1.0%.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / X-rays: galaxies: clusters / gravitational lensing: strong / gravitational lensing: weak / dark matter
© ESO, 2013
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