Volume 551, March 2013
|Number of page(s)||20|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||07 March 2013|
Study of a sample of faint Be stars in the exofield of CoRoT
I. Spectroscopic characterization⋆
1 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS UMR 8111, Université Paris Diderot, Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
2 Université Pierre & Marie Curie, CNRS UMR 7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis Bd. Arago, 75014 Paris, France
3 European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago de Chile, Chile
4 Royal Observatory of Belgium, 3 avenue Circulaire, 1180 Brussels, Belgium
5 Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomia s/n 18008, Granada, Spain
6 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS UMR 8109, UPMC, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
7 Universidad Internacional Valenciana − VIU, Prolongación C/ José Pradas Gallen, s/n Edificio B 2 ◦ Piso, 12006 Castellón de la Plana, Spain
8 Observatorio Astronómico de la Universidad de Valencia, Calle Catedrático Agustín Escardino 7, 46980 Paterna, Valencia, Spain
Received: 10 February 2012
Accepted: 2 November 2012
Context. Be stars are probably the most rapid rotators among stars in the main sequence (MS) and, as such, are excellent candidates to study the incidence of the rotation on the characteristics of their non-radial pulsations, as well as on their internal structure. Pulsations are also thought to be possible mechanisms that help the mass ejection needed to build up the circumstellar disks of Be stars.
Aims. The purpose of this paper is to identify a number of faint Be stars observed with the CoRoT satellite and to determine their fundamental parameters, which will enable us to study their pulsation properties as a function of the location in the HR diagram and to search for correlations with the light outbursts, which are possibly produced by discrete mass ejections.
Methods. We identified those objects in the exofields of CoRoT presenting the Be phenomenon using Hα surveys, as well as automated methods based on pulsation properties that we finally confirmed with FLAMES/GIRAFFE and X-shooter spectroscopic observations at VLT/ESO, and with near-IR photometry. The spectra were 1) corrected for the veiling effect, 2) treated with the GIRFIT code to determine apparent fundamental parameters, and 3) corrected with the FASTROT code for effects induced by the rapid rotation.
Results. A list of 41 Be star candidates were found from photometric and spectroscopic criteria. The spectral coverage useful for determining the fundamental parameters was obtained for only about half of them. We then spectroscopically identified 21 Be stars, two probable Be stars, and two B stars contaminated by the Sh 2-284 nebulosity. A short description of the spectral characteristics of each star is given. The fundamental parameters and, in particular, the rotation frequency νr (cycles per day) were all corrected for rotational effects at rotation rates ranging from Ω/Ωc = 0.8 to 1.0. We have determined the positions of Be stars in the HR diagram and find two of them located beyond the MS phase.
Conclusions. The well-determined fundamental parameters presented in this paper for a statistically reliable sample of Be stars will enable us in forthcoming papers to compare the properties of stars as pulsators either according to their location in different regions of the HR diagram or with those predicted from theory.
Key words: stars: emission-line, Be / stars: early-type / stars: fundamental parameters / binaries: spectroscopic / stars: rotation / stars: oscillations
Appendices are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2013
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.