Volume 550, February 2013
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||28 January 2013|
The galaxy stellar mass function and its evolution with time show no dependence on global environment⋆
1 Astronomical Department, Padova University, 35122 Padova, Italy
2 INAF – Astronomical Observatory of Padova, 35122 Padova, Italy
3 Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Science, Pasadena, CA, USA
4 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
5 INAF – Astronomical Observatory of Trieste, 34143 Trieste, Italy
6 Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
7 INAF – Astronomical Observatory of Arcetri, 50125 Firenze, Italy
Received: 3 November 2011
Accepted: 31 October 2012
We present an analysis of the galaxy stellar mass function in different environments at intermediate redshift (0.3 ≤ z ≤ 0.8) for two mass-limited galaxy samples. We use the IMACS Cluster Building Survey (ICBS; M∗ ≥ 1010.5 M⊙) to study cluster, group and field galaxies at z = 0.3–0.45, and the ESO Distant Cluster Survey (EDisCS; M∗ ≥ 1010.2 M⊙) to investigate cluster and group galaxies at z = 0.4–0.8. Our analysis thus includes galaxies with masses reaching just below that of the Milky Way. Excluding the brightest cluster galaxies, we show that the shape of the mass distribution does not seem to depend on global environment, Our two main results are: (1) Galaxies in the virialised regions of clusters, in groups, and in the field follow similar mass distributions. (2) Comparing the ICBS and EDisCS mass functions to mass functions in the local universe, we detect evolution from z ~ 0.4–0.6 to z ~ 0.07 in the sense that the population of low-mass galaxies has grown with time with respect to the population of massive galaxies. This evolution is independent of environment, i.e., the same for clusters and the field. Furthermore, considering only cluster galaxies, we find that no differences can be detected in their mass functions either within the virialised regions, or when we compare galaxies inside and outside the virial radius. Finally, we find that red and blue galaxies have different mass functions. However, the shapes of the mass functions of blue and red galaxies do not seem to depend on their environment (clusters groups and the field).
Key words: galaxies: evolution / galaxies: formation / galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: luminosity function, mass function
© ESO, 2013
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.