Millimeter and submillimeter wave spectra of 13C-glycolaldehydes⋆
Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Atomes et Molécules, Bâtiment P5, CNRS,
UMR 8523, Université Lille 1,
59655 Villeneuve d’,
Accepted: 9 November 2012
Context. Glycolaldehyde (CH2OHCHO) is the simplest sugar and an important intermediate in the path toward forming more complex biologically relevant molecules. Astronomical surveys of interstellar molecules, such as those available with the very sensitive ALMA telescope, require preliminary laboratory investigations of the microwave and submillimeter-wave spectra of molecular species including new isotopologs – to identify these in the interstellar media.
Aims. To achieve the detection of the 13C isotopologs of glycolaldehyde in the interstellar medium, their rotational spectra in the millimeter and submillimeter-wave regions were studied.
Methods. The spectra of 13CH2OHCHO and CH2OH13CHO were recorded in the 150−945 GHz spectral range in the laboratory using a solid-state submillimeter-wave spectrometer in Lille. The observed line frequencies were measured with an accuracy of 30 kHz up to 700 GHz and of 50 kHz above 700 GHz. We analyzed the spectra with a standard Watson Hamiltonian.
Results. About 10 000 new lines were identified for each isotopolog. The spectroscopic parameters were determined for the ground- and the three lowest vibrational states up to 945 and 630 GHz. Previous microwave assignments of 13CH2OHCHO were not confirmed.
Conclusions. The provided line-lists and sets of molecular parameters meet the needs for a first astrophysical search of 13C-glycolaldehydes.
Key words: ISM: molecules / submillimeter: ISM / methods: laboratory / line: identification
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