Volume 546, October 2012
|Number of page(s)||20|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||09 October 2012|
VII. A low velocity dispersion for the young massive cluster R136
Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA), Institute for Astronomy,
University of Edinburgh, Blackford
EH9 3HJ, UK
2 UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh, EH9 3HJ, UK
3 Astronomical Institute “Anton Pannekoek”, University of Amsterdam, Postbus 94249, 1090 GE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
4 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA, UK
5 Excellence Cluster Universe, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
6 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18008 Granada, Spain
7 Institute of Astronomy with NAO, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, PO Box 136, 4700 Smoljan, Bulgaria
8 School of Physics, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QL, UK
9 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 87548 Garching bei München, Germany
10 Harvard-Smithsonian CfA, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
11 Dept. of Physics & Astronomy, Hounsfield Road, University of Sheffield, S3 7RH, UK
12 Astrophysics Group, Lennard-Jones Laboratories, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
Accepted: 3 August 2012
Detailed studies of resolved young massive star clusters are necessary to determine their dynamical state and evaluate the importance of gas expulsion and early cluster evolution. In an effort to gain insight into the dynamical state of the young massive cluster R136 and obtain the first measurement of its velocity dispersion, we analyse multi-epoch spectroscopic data of the inner regions of 30 Doradus in the Large Magellanic Cloud obtained as part of the VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey. Following a quantitative assessment of the variability, we use the radial velocities of non-variable sources to place an upper limit of 6 km s-1 on the line-of-sight velocity dispersion of stars within a projected distance of 5 pc from the centre of the cluster. After accounting for the contributions of undetected binaries and measurement errors through Monte Carlo simulations, we conclude that the true velocity dispersion is likely between 4 and 5 km s-1 given a range of standard assumptions about the binary distribution. This result is consistent with what is expected if the cluster is in virial equilibrium, suggesting that gas expulsion has not altered its dynamics. We find that the velocity dispersion would be ~25 km s-1 if binaries were not identified and rejected, confirming the importance of the multi-epoch strategy and the risk of interpreting velocity dispersion measurements of unresolved extragalactic young massive clusters.
Key words: binaries: spectroscopic / galaxies: star clusters: individual R136 / Magellanic Clouds / stars: early-type / stars: kinematics and dynamics
Appendices A and B are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2012
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