Volume 544, August 2012
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||17 July 2012|
Three ways to solve the orbit of KIC 11 558 725: a 10-day beaming sdB+WD binary with a pulsating subdwarf⋆,⋆⋆
1 Nordic Optical Telescope, Apartado 474, 38700 Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain
2 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
3 Department of Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science, Missouri State University, Springfield, MO 65804, USA
4 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18008 Granada, Spain
5 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
6 Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
7 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
8 Dr. Remeis Sternwarte Bamberg, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany
9 Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
10 University of Ege, Department of Astronomy & Space Sciences, 35100 İzmir, Turkey
11 Australian Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 296, Epping, NSW 1710, Australia
12 SETI Institute/NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
Received: 23 April 2012
Accepted: 16 June 2012
The recently discovered subdwarf B (sdB) pulsator KIC 11 558 725 is one of the 16 pulsating sdB stars detected in the Kepler field. It features a rich g-mode frequency spectrum, with a few low-amplitude p-modes at short periods. This makes it a promising target for a seismic study aiming to constrain the internal structure of this star, and of sdB stars ingeneral. We have obtained ground-based spectroscopic radial-velocity measurements of KIC 11 558 725 based on low-resolution spectra in the Balmer-line region, spanning the 2010 and 2011 observing seasons. From these data we have discovered that KIC 11 558 725 is a binary with period P = 10.05 d, and that the radial-velocity amplitude of the sdB star is 58 km s-1. Consequently the companion of the sdB star has a minimum mass of 0.63 M⊙, and is therefore most likely an unseen white dwarf. We analyse the near-continuous 2010–2011 Kepler light curve to reveal the orbital Doppler-beaming effect, giving rise to light variations at the 238 ppm level, which is consistent with the observed spectroscopic orbital radial-velocity amplitude of the subdwarf. We use the strongest 70 pulsation frequencies in the Kepler light curve of the subdwarf as clocks to derive a third consistent measurement of the orbital radial-velocity amplitude, from the orbital light-travel delay. The orbital radius asdBsini = 11.5 R⊙ gives rise to a light-travel time delay of 53.6 s, which causes aliasing and lowers the amplitudes of the shortest pulsation frequencies, unless the effect is corrected for. We use our high signal-to-noise average spectra to study the atmospheric parameters of the sdB star, deriving Teff = 27 910 K andlog g = 5.41 dex, and find that carbon, nitrogen and oxygen are underabundant relative to the solar mixture. Furthermore, we analyse the Kepler light curve for its pulsational content and extract more than 160 significant frequencies.We investigate the pulsation frequencies for expected period spacings and rotational splittings. We find period-spacing sequences of spherical-harmonic degrees ℓ = 1 and ℓ = 2, and we associate a large fraction of the g-modes in KIC 11 558 725 with these sequences. From frequency splittings we conclude that the subdwarf is rotating subsynchronously with respect to the orbit.
Key words: stars: early-type / binaries: spectroscopic / subdwarfs / stars: oscillations / stars: individual: KIC11558725
Based on observations obtained by the Kepler spacecraft, the Kitt Peak Mayall Telescope, the Nordic Optical Telescope and the William Herschel Telescope.
Tables 1, 4, and 5 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2012
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