Volume 543, July 2012
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||10 July 2012|
Multi-object spectroscopy of stars in the CoRoT fields
1 Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, 07778 Tautenburg, Germany
2 Research and Scientific Support Department, ESTEC/ESA, PO Box 299, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
3 Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, 38 rue Frédéric Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille Cedex 13, France
4 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Received: 27 February 2012
Accepted: 1 June 2012
Context. With now more than 20 exoplanets discovered by CoRoT, it has often been considered strange that so many of them are orbiting F-stars, and so few of them K- or M-stars. Up to now, studies of the relation between the frequency of extrasolar planets and the spectral types, or masses of their host stars has been the realm of radial velocity surveys. Although transit search programs are mostly sensitive to short-period planets, they are ideal for verifying these results. This is because transit search programs have different selection biases than radial velocity surveys. To determine the frequency of planets as a function of stellar mass, we also have to characterize the sample of stars that was observed.
Aims. We study the stellar content of the CoRoT-fields IRa01, LRa01 (=LRa06), and LRa02 by determining the spectral types of 11 466 stars. Nine planet-host stars have already been identified in these fields. Determing the spectral types of thousands of stars of which CoRoT obtained high-precision light-curves also makes a wide variety of other research projects possible.
Methods. We used spectra obtained with the multi-object spectrograph AAOmega and derived the spectral types by using template spectra with well-known parameters.
Results. We find that 34.8 ± 0.7% of the stars observed by CoRoT in these fields are F-dwarfs, 15.1 ± 0.5% G-dwarfs, and 5.0 ± 0.3% K-dwarfs. We conclude that the apparent lack of exoplanets of K- and M-stars is explained by the relatively small number of these stars in the observed sample. We also show that the apparently large number of planets orbiting F-stars is similarly explained by the large number of such stars in these fields. Given the number of F-stars, we would have expected to find even more F-stars with planets. Our study also shows that the difference between the sample of stars that CoRoT observes and a sample of randomly selected stars is relatively small, and that the yield of CoRoT specifically is the detection one hot Jupiter amongst 2100 ± 700 stars.
Conclusions. We conclude that transit search programs can be used to study the relation between the frequency of planets and the mass of the host stars, and that the results obtained so far generally agree with those of radial velocity programs.
Key words: catalogs / stars: late-type / planetary systems / stars: solar-type
Based on observations obtained with the Anglo-Australian Telescope in program 07B/040 and 08B/003.
Table 2 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/543/A125
© ESO, 2012
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