Volume 542, June 2012
GREAT: early science results
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||10 May 2012|
High-resolution absorption spectroscopy of the OH 2Π3/2 ground state line
1 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2 I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Zülpicher Str. 77, 50937 Köln, Germany
3 The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 St. Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
Received: 30 January 2012
Accepted: 5 March 2012
The chemical composition of the interstellar medium is determined by gas phase chemistry, assisted by grain surface reactions, and by shock chemistry. The aim of this study is to measure the abundance of the hydroxyl radical (OH) in diffuse spiral arm clouds as a contribution to our understanding of the underlying network of chemical reactions. Owing to their high critical density, the ground states of light hydrides provide a tool to directly estimate column densities by means of absorption spectroscopy against bright background sources. We observed onboard the SOFIA observatory the 2Π3/2, J = 5/2 ← 3/2 2.5 THz line of ground-state OH in the diffuse clouds of the Carina-Sagittarius spiral arm. OH column densities in the spiral arm clouds along the sightlines to W49N, W51 and G34.26+0.15 were found to be of the order of 1014 cm-2, which corresponds to a fractional abundance of 10-7 to 10-8, which is comparable to that of H2O. The absorption spectra of both species have similar velocity components, and the ratio of the derived H2O to OH column densities ranges from 0.3 to 1.0. In W49N we also detected the corresponding line of 18OH.
Key words: ISM: molecules / ISM: clouds / ISM: lines and bands
© ESO, 2012
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