Particle transport in magnetized media around black holes and associated radiation
Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomía (IAR, CCT La Plata, CONICET), C.C.5, (1984) Villa Elisa, Buenos Aires, Argentina Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque s/n, 1900, La Plata, Argentina
Received: 25 January 2012
Accepted: 5 April 2012
Context. Galactic black hole coronae are composed of a hot, magnetized plasma. The spectral energy distribution produced in this component of X-ray binaries can be strongly affected by different interactions between locally injected relativistic particles and the matter, radiation and magnetic fields in the source.
Aims. We study the non-thermal processes driven by the injection of relativistic particles into a strongly magnetized corona around an accreting black hole.
Methods. We compute in a self-consistent way the effects of relativistic bremsstrahlung, inverse Compton scattering, synchrotron radiation, and the pair-production/annihilation of leptons, as well as hadronic interactions. Our goal is to determine the non-thermal broadband radiative output of the corona. The set of coupled kinetic equations for electrons, positrons, protons, and photons are solved and the resulting particle distributions are computed self-consistently. The spectral energy distributions of transient events in X-ray binaries are calculated, as well as the neutrino production.
Results. We show that the application to Cygnus X-1 of our model of non-thermal emission from a magnetized corona yields a good fit to the observational data. Finally, we show that the accumulated signal produced by neutrino bursts in black hole coronae might be detectable for sources within a few kpc on timescales of years.
Conclusions. Our work leads to predictions for non-thermal photon and neutrino emission generated around accreting black holes, that can be tested by the new generation of very high energy gamma-ray and neutrino instruments.
Key words: X-rays: binaries / radiation mechanisms: non-thermal / gamma rays: general / neutrinos
© ESO, 2012