Volume 540, April 2012
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||20 March 2012|
Wavelet Helmholtz decomposition for weak lensing mass map reconstruction
1 Laboratoire de Mécanique Modélisation et Procédés Propres – UMR-6181 CNRS, IMT La Jetée, Technopôle de Château-Gombert, 38, rue Frédéric Joliot-Curie, 13451 Marseille Cedex 20, France
2 Laboratoire AIM, UMR CEA-CNRS-Paris 7, Irfu, SEDI-SAP, Service d’Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
Received: 22 April 2011
Accepted: 6 January 2012
To derive the convergence field from the gravitational shear γ of the background galaxy images, the classical methods require a convolution of the shear to be performed over the entire sky, usually expressed by the fast Fourier transform (FFT). However, it is not optimal for an imperfect geometry survey. Furthermore, FFT implicitly uses periodic conditions that introduce errors into the reconstruction. A method has been proposed that relies on computation of an intermediate field u that combines the derivatives of γ and on convolution with a Green kernel. In this paper, we study the wavelet Helmholtz decomposition as a new approach to reconstructing the dark matter mass map. We show that a link exists between the Helmholtz decomposition and the electric and magnetic component separation. We introduce a new wavelet construction that has a property that gives us more flexibility in handling the border problem, and we propose a new method of reconstructing the dark matter mass map in the wavelet space. A set of experiments based on noise-free images illustrates that this Wavelet Helmholtz decomposition reconstructs the borders better than all other existing methods.
Key words: methods: data analysis / gravitational lensing: weak
© ESO, 2012
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