Volume 539, March 2012
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||27 February 2012|
Ammonia and other parent molecules in comet 10P/Tempel 2 from Herschel/HIFI⋆ and ground-based radio observations
1 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC, Université Paris-Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
2 Space Research Centre, PAS, Warszawa, Poland
3 Caltech, Pasadena, CA, USA
4 Max Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
5 Istituto di Radioastronomia – INAF, Bologna, Italy
6 ESO, Garching bei München, Germany
7 ESAC, Villafranca del Castillo, Spain
8 IRAM, Avd. Divina Pastora, 7, 18012 Granada, Spain
9 JHU/APL, Laurel, Maryland, USA
Received: 14 November 2011
Accepted: 16 January 2012
The Jupiter-family comet 10P/Tempel 2 was observed during its 2010 return with the Herschel Space Observatory. We present here the observation of the JK (10–00) transition of NH3 at 572 GHz in this comet with the Heterodyne Instrument for the Far Infrared (HIFI) of Herschel. We also report on radio observations of other molecules (HCN, CH3OH, H2S and CS) obtained during the 1999 return of the comet with the CSO telescope and the JCMT, and during its 2010 return with the IRAM 30-m telescope. Molecular abundances relative to water are 0.09%, 1.8%, 0.4%, and 0.08% for HCN, CH3OH, H2S, and CS, respectively. An abundance of 0.5% for NH3 is obtained, which is similar to the values measured in other comets. The hyperfine structure of the ammonia line is resolved for the first time in an astronomical source. Strong anisotropy in the outgassing is present in all observations from 1999 to 2010 and is modelled to derive the production rates.
Key words: techniques: spectroscopic / submillimeter: planetary systems / radio lines: planetary systems / comets: individual: 10P/Tempel 2
© ESO, 2012
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