Volume 536, December 2011
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||07 December 2011|
Prediction of astrometric microlensing events during the Gaia mission
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Heidelberg, Moenchofstraße 12–14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Received: 8 July 2011
Accepted: 30 September 2011
We identify stars with large proper motions that are potential candidates for the astrometric microlensing effect during the Gaia mission i.e. between 2012 and 2019. The effect allows a precise measurement of the mass of a single star that is acting as a lens. We construct a candidate list by combining information from several input catalogs including PPMXL, LSPM, PPMX, OGLEBG, and UCAC3. The selection of the microlensing candidates includes the verification of their proper motions as well as the calculation of the centroid shift of the source resulting from the astrometric microlensing effect. The assembled microlensing catalog comprises 1118 candidates for the years 2012 to 2019. Our analysis demonstrates that 96% of the (high) proper motions of these candidates are erroneous. We are thus left with 43 confirmed candidates for astrometric microlensing during the expected Gaia mission. For most of them the light centroid shift is below ~100 μas (assuming a dark lens) or the astrometric deviation is considerably reduced by the brightness of the lens. Due to this the astrometric microlensing effect can potentially be measured for nine candidates that have a centroid shift between 100 and 4000 μas. For two of these astrometric microlensing candidates we predict a strong centroid shift of about 1000 and 4000 μas, respectively, that should be observable over a period of a few months up to a few years with the Gaia mission.
Key words: astrometry / catalogs / proper motions / gravitational lensing: micro
© ESO, 2011
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