Volume 535, November 2011
|Number of page(s)||28|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||28 October 2011|
Analysis of three transiting planetary candidates
Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
2 Universitaets-Sternwarte der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet, Scheinerstr.1, 81679 Muenchen, Germany
3 Max-Planck-Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstr., 85741 Garching b Muenchen, Germany
4 Grupo de Astronomia, Departamento de Fisica, Casilla 160, Universidad de Conception, Chile
5 Universitá di Padova Dipartimento di Astronomia, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
6 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
7 Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitá di Trento, via Sommarive 14, 38123 Povo (TN), Italy
8 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (LC), Italy
9 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3800 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
10 ESO Chile, A. de Cordova 3107, Santiago, Chile
Received: 2 November 2009
Accepted: 30 June 2011
Context. One of the most metal-rich open cluster of the Galaxy, NGC 6253 is a target of special interest in the search for extrasolar planets, the study of stellar populations, and the chemical/dynamical evolution of the Galactic disk.
Aims. We present the results of two photometric campaigns and a VLT multi-epoch radial velocity survey toward the open cluster NGC 6253. We complement our analysis with photometric, proper motion, and radial velocity data available from previous studies of this cluster, and analyze three planetary candidates found in the field of NGC 6253.
Methods. We derived homogeneous radial velocity measurements for stars located at the turn-off, sub-giant, red-giant branch, red-clump, and blue straggler regions of the cluster. We also analyzed a comparison sample of surrounding field stars. Spectra were obtained with the UVES and GIRAFFE spectrographs at the VLT during three epochs in August 2008.
Results. The three UVES measurements acquired for our brightest transiting candidate (V = 15.26) are all consistent within their errors (200 m/s), but were acquired at very similar orbital phases. The mean radial velocity of this object is not consistent with the cluster recession velocity, which rules out cluster membership except in the case of a binary system. This star is worth further analysis with high-precision spectroscopy. For our faintest candidate (V = 18.247), we were able to exclude the observed transits being caused by a close-by stellar companion, but more precise measurements will be needed to derive an orbital fit and to study other possible scenarios. For the remaining candidate, no measurements were acquired probably because of bad fiber positioning. The mean radial velocity of the cluster is ( km s-1. Using both radial velocities and proper motions, we identified 35 cluster members. Our results are in good agreement with past radial velocity and photometric measurements. Furthermore, using our photometry, astrometry, and spectroscopy we identified a new eclipsing binary system member of the cluster.
Conclusions. We discussed the possibility of detecting substellar companions (brown dwarfs and planets) with the radial velocity technique (both with UVES/GIRAFFE and HARPS) around turn-off stars of old open cluster. We isolated 5 stars that are optimal targets for searching for planetary mass companions with HARPS. Our optimized strategy minimizes the observing time requested to isolate and followup on the best planetary candidates in cluster with high-precision spectrographs, an important aspect given the faint target stars.
Key words: planetary systems / techniques: radial velocities / open cluster and associations: individual: NGC 6253
Based on observations collected at the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, Chile, program ID: 381.C-0270(A). Photometric observations relevant for this project were acquired in La Silla, Chile during programs 073.C-0227[A], 083.A-9001[A] and at the Anglo Australian Telescope (AAT) in Siding Spring.
© ESO, 2011
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.