Volume 530, June 2011
|Number of page(s)||21|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||26 May 2011|
New constraints on the chemical evolution of the solar neighbourhood and Galactic disc(s)
Improved astrophysical parameters for the Geneva-Copenhagen Survey⋆
Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Postfach 1317, 85741 Garching, Germany
2 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, via Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy
3 The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA
4 Departamento de Astronomia do IAG/USP, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão 1226, São Paulo, 05508-900, SP, Brasil
5 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
6 Lund Observatory, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Received: 7 December 2010
Accepted: 23 March 2011
We present a re-analysis of the Geneva-Copenhagen survey, which benefits from the infrared flux method to improve the accuracy of the derived stellar effective temperatures and uses the latter to build a consistent and improved metallicity scale. Metallicities are calibrated on high-resolution spectroscopy and checked against four open clusters and a moving group, showing excellent consistency. The new temperature and metallicity scales provide a better match to theoretical isochrones, which are used for a Bayesian analysis of stellar ages. With respect to previous analyses, our stars are on average 100 K hotter and 0.1 dex more metal rich, which shift the peak of the metallicity distribution function around the solar value. From Strömgren photometry we are able to derive for the first time a proxy for [α/Fe] abundances, which enables us to perform a tentative dissection of the chemical thin and thick disc. We find evidence for the latter being composed of an old, mildly but systematically alpha-enhanced population that extends to super solar metallicities, in agreement with spectroscopic studies. Our revision offers the largest existing kinematically unbiased sample of the solar neighbourhood that contains full information on kinematics, metallicities, and ages and thus provides better constraints on the physical processes relevant in the build-up of the Milky Way disc, enabling a better understanding of the Sun in a Galactic context.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: fundamental parameters / Hertzsprung-Russell and C-M diagrams / stars: kinematics and dynamics / Galaxy: disk / solar neighborhood
Catalogue (Table 2) is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/530/A138
© ESO, 2011
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