Volume 530, June 2011
|Number of page(s)||20|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||23 May 2011|
Rotating massive main-sequence stars
I. Grids of evolutionary models and isochrones⋆
Astronomical Institute, Utrecht University, Princetonplein 5, 3584 CC Utrecht, The Netherlands
2 University of Vienna, Department of Astronomy, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria
3 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
4 Argelander-Institut für Astronomie der Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
5 Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 403, 1098 SJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
6 UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
7 Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics & Physics, The Queens University of Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland, UK
8 Armagh Observatory, College Hill, Armagh BT61 9DG, Northern Ireland, UK
Received: 9 November 2010
Accepted: 31 January 2011
We present a dense grid of evolutionary tracks and isochrones of rotating massive main-sequence stars. We provide three grids with different initial compositions tailored to compare with early OB stars in the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds and in the Galaxy. Each grid covers masses ranging from 5 to 60 M⊙ and initial rotation rates between 0 and about 600 km s-1. To calibrate our models we used the results of the VLT-FLAMES Survey of Massive Stars. We determine the amount of convective overshooting by using the observed drop in rotation rates for stars with surface gravities log g < 3.2 to determine the width of the main sequence. We calibrate the efficiency of rotationally induced mixing using the nitrogen abundance determinations for B stars in the Large Magellanic cloud. We describe and provide evolutionary tracks and the evolution of the central and surface abundances. In particular, we discuss the occurrence of quasi-chemically homogeneous evolution, i.e. the severe effects of efficient mixing of the stellar interior found for the most massive fast rotators. We provide a detailed set of isochrones for rotating stars. Rotation as an initial parameter leads to a degeneracy between the age and the mass of massive main sequence stars if determined from its observed location in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. We show that the consideration of surface abundances can resolve this degeneracy.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: evolution / stars: early-type / stars: rotation / stars: massive
Model data is made available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/530/A115
© ESO, 2011
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