Volume 526, February 2011
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||23 December 2010|
Constrained fitting of disentangled binary star spectra: application to V615 Persei in the open cluster h Persei
Department of PhysicsUniversity of Zagreb,
2 Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Newcastle-under-Lyme, ST5 5BG, UK
Accepted: 4 December 2010
Context. Using the technique of spectral disentangling, it is possible to determine the individual spectra of the components of a multiple star system from composite spectra observed at a range of orbital phases. This method has several advantages: it is unaffected by line blending, does not use template spectra, and returns individual component spectra with very high signal-to-noise ratios.
Aims. The disentangled spectra of a binary star system are very well suited to spectroscopic analysis but for one problem: the absolute spectral line depths are unknown because this information is not contained in the original spectra (unless there is one taken in eclipse) without making assumptions about the spectral characteristics of the component stars. Here we present a method for obtaining the atmospheric parameters of the component stars by the constrained fitting of synthetic spectra to observed and disentangled spectra.
Methods. Disentangled spectra are fitted using synthetic spectra and a genetic algorithm in order to determine the effective temperatures, surface gravities and relative light contributions of the two stars in a binary system. The method is demonstrated on synthetic spectra and then applied to the eclipsing binary V615 Per, a member of the young open cluster NGC 869 (h Persei).
Results. The method works well for disentangled spectra with signal-to-noise ratios of 100 or more. For V615 Per we find a normal He abundance but an Mg abundance, which indicates bulk metallicity, a factor of two lower than typical for nearby OB stars.
Key words: binaries: spectroscopic / stars: abundances / stars: atmospheres / open clusters and associations: individual: h Persei
© ESO, 2010
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.