Volume 521, October 2010
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||21 October 2010|
Relativistic spine jets from Schwarzschild black holes
Application to AGN radio-loud sources
Centrum voor Plasma Astrofysica, Celestijnenlaan 200B bus 2400, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Observatoire de Paris, LUTh., 92190 Meudon, France e-mail: email@example.com
3 IASA and Section of Astrophysics, Astronomy & Mechanics Department of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis 157 84, Zografos, Greece
4 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy
Accepted: 9 June 2010
Context. The two types of Fanaroff-Riley (FR) radio-loud galaxies, FR I and FR II, exhibit strong jets which have different properties. These differences may be associated to the central engine and/or the external medium.
Aims. The AGN classification FR I and FR II can be linked to the rate of electromagnetic Poynting flux extraction from the inner corona of the central engine by the jet. The collimation results from the distribution of the total electromagnetic energy across the jet, as compared to the corresponding distribution of the thermal and gravitational energies.
Methods. We use exact solutions of the fully relativistic magnetohydrodynamical (GRMHD) equations obtained by a nonlinear separation of the variables to study outflows from a Schwarzschild black hole corona.
Results. A strong correlation is found between the jet features and the energetic distribution of the plasma of the inner corona, which may be related to the efficiency of the magnetic rotator.
Conclusions. It is shown that observations of FR I and FR II jets may be partially constrained by our model for spine jets. The deceleration observed in FR I jets may be associated with a low magnetic efficiency of the central magnetic rotator and an important thermal confinement by the hot surrounding medium. Conversely, the strongly collimated and accelerated FR II outflows may be self-collimated by their own magnetic field because of the high efficiency of the central magnetic rotator.
Key words: magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / relativity / galaxies: jets / galaxies: active / acceleration of particles / black hole physics
© ESO, 2010
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