Volume 518, July-August 2010Herschel: the first science highlights
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||02 September 2010|
INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia, 78, 95123 Catania, Italy e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, L.go E. Fermi, 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
3 Konkoly Observatory, 1525 Budapest, PO Box 67, Hungary
4 Ege University, Science Faculty, Astronomy and Space Sciences Dept., 35100 Bornova, İzmir, Turkey
5 TÜBİTAK National Observatory, Akdeniz University Campus, 07058 Antalya, Turkey
Accepted: 4 May 2010
Aims. We present the results of contemporaneous spectroscopic and photometric monitoring of the young solar-type star HD 171488 (Prot 1.337 days) aimed at studying surface inhomogeneities at both photospheric and chromospheric levels.
Methods. Echelle FOCES spectra (R 40 000) and Johnson BV photometry have been performed in August 2006, with a good coverage of rotational phases. Spectral type, rotational velocity, metalicity, and gravity were determined with a code developed by us (Rotfit) and a library of high-resolution spectra of slowly-rotating reference stars. The metalicity was measured from the analysis of iron lines with the Moog code. The spectral subtraction technique was applied to the most relevant chromospheric diagnostics included in the FOCES spectral range, namely IRT, Hα, D3, Hβ, and H&K lines.
Results. A simple model with two large high-latitude spots is sufficient to reproduce the B and V light curves as well as the radial velocity modulation if a temperature difference between photosphere and spots of about 1500 K is used. A Doppler-imaging analysis of photospheric lines basically confirms a similar spot distribution. With the help of an analogous geometric two-spot model, we are able to reproduce the observed modulations in the residual chromospheric emissions adopting different values of ratios between the flux of plages and the quiet chromosphere (about 5 for Hα and 3 for diagnostics). Facular regions of solar type appear to be the main responsible features for the modulations of chromospheric diagnostics. Both the spot/plage model and the cross-correlation between the light curve and the chromospheric line fluxes display a significant lead effect of plages with respect to spots (from 20 to 40 in longitude), as already observed in some active solar-type stars and RS CVn systems.
Conclusions. The contemporaneous monitoring of photospheric and chromospheric diagnostics in the young and rapidly rotating solar-type star HD 171488 allowed us to detect active regions which have nearly the same location at both atmospheric layers, with plages slightly leading spots in longitudes. These active regions are similar to the solar ones in some respects, because the spot temperature is close to that of sunspot umbrae and the plage flux-contrast is consistent with the average solar values. The main differences with respect to the Sun are larger sizes and higher latitudes.
Key words: stars: activity / starspots / stars: chromospheres / stars: rotation / stars: individual: HD 171488
Based on observations collected at Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory (Spain) and Catania Astrophysical Observatory (Italy).
Table 5 and Fig. 7 are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2010
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