Volume 516, June-July 2010
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||22 June 2010|
The star catalogue of Hevelius*
Machine-readable version and comparison with the modern Hipparcos Catalogue
Astronomical Institute, Utrecht University, PO Box 80 000,
3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 URU-Explokart, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80 115, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
3 Institute for the History and Foundations of Science, PO Box 80 000, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
Accepted: 4 February 2010
The catalogue by Johannes Hevelius with the positions and magnitudes of 1564 entries was published by his wife Elisabeth Koopman in 1690. We provide a machine-readable version of the catalogue, and briefly discuss its accuracy on the basis of comparison with data from the modern Hipparcos Catalogue. We compare our results with an earlier analysis by Rybka (1984), finding good overall agreement. The magnitudes given by Hevelius correlate well with modern values. The accuracy of his position measurements is similar to that of Brahe, with σ = 2´ for longitudes and latitudes, but with more errors >5´ than expected for a Gaussian distribution. The position accuracy decreases slowly with magnitude. The fraction of stars with position errors larger than a degree is 1.5%, rather smaller than the fraction of 5% in the star catalogue of Brahe.
Key words: astrometry / history and philosophy of astronomy
Star catalogue of Hevelius is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/516/A29
© ESO, 2010
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