Three carbon-enhanced metal-poor dwarf stars from the SDSS*
Chemical abundances from CO5BOLD 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres
CIFIST Marie Curie Excellence Team e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
3 Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
4 Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
5 Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Landessternwarte, Königstuhl 12, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
6 Max-Planck Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzchild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
7 Dpto. de Astrofísica y Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Accepted: 15 December 2009
Context. The origin of carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars enriched with both s and r elements is highly debated. Detailed abundances of these types of stars are crucial to understand the nature of their progenitors.
Aims. The aim of this investigation is to study in detail the abundances of SDSS J1349-0229, SDSS J0912+0216 and SDSS J1036+1212, three dwarf CEMP stars, selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.
Methods. Using high resolution VLT/UVES spectra (R ~ 30 000) we determine abundances for Li, C, N, O, Na, Mg, Al, Ca, Sc, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni and 21 neutron-capture elements. We made use of CO5BOLD 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres in the analysis of the carbon, nitrogen and oxygen abundances. NLTE corrections for Ci and Oi lines were computed using the Kiel code.
Results. We classify SDSS J1349-0229 and SDSS J0912+0216 as CEMP-r+s stars. SDSS J1036+1212 belongs to the class CEMP-no/s, with enhanced Ba, but deficient Sr, of which it is the third member discovered to date. Radial-velocity variations have been observed in SDSS J1349-0229, providing evidence that it is a member of a binary system.
Conclusions. The chemical composition of the three stars is generally compatible with mass transfer from an AGB companion. However, many details remain difficult to explain. Most notably of those are the abundance of Li at the level of the Spite plateau in SDSS J1036+1212 and the large over-abundance of the pure r-process element Eu in all three stars.
Key words: stars: individual: SDSS J1349-0229 / stars: individual: SDSS J0912+0216 / stars: individual: SDSS J1036+1212 / stars: abundances / stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: atmospheres
© ESO, 2010