Dynamical evolution of titanium, strontium, and yttrium spots on the surface of the HgMn star HD 11753*,**
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200 D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium e-mail: email@example.com
2 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
3 Instituto de Ciencias Astronomicas, de la Tierra, y del Espacio (ICATE), 5400 San Juan, Argentina
4 Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
5 Observatory, PO Box 14, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
Accepted: 25 February 2010
Aims. We gathered about 100 high-resolution spectra of three typical HgMn (mercury-manganese) stars, HD 11753, HD 53244, and HD 221507, to search for slowly pulsating B-like pulsations and surface inhomogeneous distribution of various chemical elements.
Methods. Classical frequency analysis methods were used to detect line profile variability and to determine the variation period. Doppler imaging reconstruction was performed to obtain abundance maps of chemical elements on the stellar surface.
Results. For HD 11753, which is the star with the most pronounced variability, distinct spectral line profile changes were detected for Ti, Sr, Y, Zr, and Hg, whereas for HD 53244 and HD 221507 the most variable line profiles belong to the elements Hg and Y, respectively. We derived rotation periods for all three stars from the variations of radial velocities and equivalent widths of spectral lines belonging to inhomogeneously distributed elements: Prot (HD 11753) = 9.54 d, Prot (HD 53244) = 6.16 d, and Prot (HD 221507) = 1.93 d. For HD 11753 the Doppler imaging technique was applied to derive the distribution of the most variable elements Ti, Sr, and Y using two datasets separated by ~65 days. Results of Doppler imaging reconstruction revealed noticeable changes in the surface distributions of , , and between the datasets, indicating the hitherto not well understood physical processes in stars with radiative envelopes that cause a rather fast dynamical chemical spot evolution.
Key words: stars: chemically peculiar / stars: individual: HD 11753 / stars: individual: HD 53244 / stars: individual: HD 221507 / stars: variables: general
© ESO, 2010