Spectral-luminosity relation within individual Fermi gamma rays bursts
INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 Università degli Studi dell'Insubria, via Valleggio 11, 22100 Como, Italy
Accepted: 2 November 2009
We study the spectra of all long gamma ray bursts (GRBs) of known redshift detected by the Fermi satellite untill the end of July 2009. Their fluxes and fluences are large enough to allow a time dependent study of their spectral characteristics in the 8 keV–1 MeV energy range. We find that the peak energy Epeak of their EL(E) spectrum correlates with the luminosity in a remarkably tight way within individual bursts. This time-resolved Epeak – Liso correlation is very similar for all the considered bursts and has a slope and normalisation similar to the analogous Epeak – Liso correlation defined by the time-integrated spectra of different bursts detected by several different satellites. For a few of the considered GRBs, we could also study the behaviour of the Epeak – Liso correlation during the rising and decaying phases of individual pulses within each burst, finding no differences. Our results indicate the presence of a similar physical mechanism, operating for the duration of different GRBs, tightly linking the burst luminosity with the peak energy of the spectrum emitted at different times. Such a physical mechanism is the same during the rise and decay phase of individual pulses composing a GRB. While calling for a robust physical interpretation, these results strongly indicate that the Epeak – Liso spectral energy correlation found considering the time-integrated spectra of different bursts is real and not the result of instrumental selection effects.
Key words: stars: gamma-rays bursts: general
© ESO, 2010