Gaia relativistic astrometric models
I. Proper stellar direction and aberration
INAF - Astronomical Observatory of Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 5 October 2009
The high accuracy achievable by modern space astrometry requires the use of General Relativity to model the stellar light propagation through the gravitational field encountered from a source to a given observer inside the Solar System. The general relativistic definition of an astrometric measurement needs an appropriate use of the concept of reference frame, which should then be linked to the conventions of the IAU resolutions. On the other hand, a definition of the astrometric observables in the context of General Relativity is also essential for finding the stellar coordinates and proper motion uniquely, this being the main physical task of the inverse ray-tracing problem. The aim of this work is to set the level of reciprocal consistency of two relativistic models, GREM and RAMOD (Gaia, ESA mission), in order to guarantee a physically correct definition of the light's local direction to a star and deduce the star coordinates and proper motions at the level of accuracy required by these models consistently with the IAU's adopted reference systems.
Key words: relativity / astrometry / gravitation / reference systems / methods: data analysis / techniques: high angular resolution
© ESO, 2010