Nuclear interaction gamma-ray lines from the Galactic center region
I.E. Tamm Theoretical Physics Division of P.N. Lebedev Institute, Leninskii pr, 53, 119991 Moscow, Russia
2 Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, Jhongli 320, Taiwan e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse, IN2P3-CNRS and Univ Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay Campus, France
4 Department of Physics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, PR China
5 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutskii lane, 141700 Moscow Region, Dolgoprudnii, Russia
Accepted: 1 September 2009
Aims. The accretion of stars onto the central supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way is predicted to generate large fluxes of subrelativistic ions in the Galactic center region. We analyze the intensity, shape, and spatial distribution of de-excitation gamma-ray lines produced by nuclear interactions of these energetic particles with the ambient medium.
Methods. We first estimated the amount and mean kinetic energy of particles released from the central black hole during star disruption. We then calculated the energy and spatial distributions of these particles in the Galactic center region from a kinetic equation. These particle distributions were then used to derive the characteristics of the main nuclear interaction gamma-ray lines.
Results. Because the time period of star capture by the supermassive black hole is expected to be shorter than the lifetime of the ejected fast particles against Coulomb losses, the gamma-ray emission is predicted to be stationary. We find that the nuclear de-excitation lines should be emitted from a region with a maximum 5° angular radius. The total gamma-ray line flux below 8 MeV is calculated to be ~10-4 photons cm-2 s-1. The most promising lines for detection are those at 4.44 and ~6.2 MeV, with a predicted flux in each line of ~10-5 photons cm-2 s-1. Unfortunately, it is unlikely that this emission can be detected with the INTEGRAL observatory. But the predicted line intensities appear to be within reach of future gamma-ray space instruments. A future detection of de-excitation gamma-ray lines from the Galactic center region would provide unique information on the high-energy processes induced by the central supermassive black hole and the physical conditions of the emitting region.
Key words: Galaxy: center / radiation mechanisms: non-thermal / gamma rays: theory
© ESO, 2009