EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 507, Number 3, December I 2009
Page(s) 1659 - 1665
Section Planets and planetary systems
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200912112
Published online 24 September 2009
A&A 507, 1659-1665 (2009)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200912112

A substellar component orbiting the F-star 30 Arietis B

E. W. Guenther1, M. Hartmann1, M. Esposito2, A. P. Hatzes1, F. Cusano1, and D. Gandolfi1

1  Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, 07778 Tautenburg, Germany
    e-mail: guenther@tls-tautenburg.de
2  Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany

Received 19 March 2009 / Accepted 14 September 2009

Context. Most current radial velocity planet search programs have concentrated on stars of one solar mass. Our knowledge on the frequency of giant planets and brown dwarf companions to more massive stars is thus rather limited. In the case of solar-like stars, the frequency of short-period brown dwarf companions and very massive planets seems to be low.
Aims. Here we present evidence for a substellar companion to 30 Ari B, an F-star of 1.16$\pm$0.04 $M_\odot$ that is a member of a hierarchical triple system.
Methods. The companion was detected by means of precise radial velocity measurements using the 2-m Alfred-Jensch telescope and its échelle spectrograph. An iodine absorption cell provided the wavelength reference for precise stellar radial velocity measurements.
Results. We analyzed our radial velocity measurements and derived an orbit to the companion with period, P = 335.1$\pm$2.5 days, eccentricity e = 0.289$\pm$0.092, and mass function f(m) = (6.1$\pm$1.7)$\times$10-7 $M_\odot$.
Conclusions. We conclude that the radial velocity variations of 30 Ari B are due to a companion with m sin i of 9.88$\pm$0.94 MJup that is either a massive planet or a brown dwarf. The object thus belongs to the rare class of massive planets and brown dwarfs orbiting main- sequence stars.

Key words: stars: individual: 30 Arietis B -- stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs -- planetary systems -- techniques: radial velocities

© ESO 2009

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