Volume 501, Number 2, July II 2009
|Page(s)||769 - 776|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||13 May 2009|
New binary asteroid 809 Lundia
I. Photometry and modelling
Astronomical Observatory, Adam Mickiewicz University, Słoneczna 36, 60-286 Poznań, Poland e-mail: email@example.com
2 Institut de Mécanique Céleste et Calcul des Ephemerides, Observatoire de Paris, UMR8028 CNRS, 77 Av. Denfert Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France
3 Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
Accepted: 23 February 2009
CCD photometry of 809 Lundia obtained between September 2005 and January 2006 at Borowiec and Pic du Midi Observatories demonstrates that this object is a synchronous binary system with an orbital period of 15.418 ± 0.001 h. In this paper, we present the results of photometric observations of Lundia from two oppositions in 2005/2006 and 2007, as well as the first modelling of the system. For simplicity we assumed a fluid-like nature for each component with a modified Roche model and a triaxial ellipsoid shape in kinematic models. Our models provided similar results. Poles of the orbit in ecliptic coordinates are λ = 119 ± 2°, β = 28 ± 4° (modified Roche) or λ = 120 ± 5°, β = 18 ± 12° (kinematic). Triaxial ellipsoid shape solutions and a separation between components of 15.8 km are given after taking an equivalent diameter of 9.1 km from H = 11.8 mag and assuming an albedo of 0.4. The orbital period of the Lundia system obtained from modelling is the same as from the lightcurve analysis i.e., 15.418 ± 0.001 h. The bulk density of both components is 1.64 or 1.71 ± 0.01 g/cm3. The double system of Lundia probably originates from the fission process of a single body that could have been spun up by the YORP effect. The predicted lightcurves for future oppositions are also presented.
Key words: planets and satellites: formation / minor planets, asteroids / techniques: photometric
© ESO, 2009
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